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技术 2022年11月24日
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妖怪题目,做到现在:2017/8/19 – 1:41……

不过想想还是值得的,至少邻接矩阵型的Dinic算法模板get√

题目链接:http://poj.org/problem?id=1815

Time Limit: 2000MS Memory Limit: 20000K

Description

In modern society, each person has his own friends. Since all the people are very busy, they communicate with each other only by phone. You can assume that people A can keep in touch with people B, only if 
1.A knows B’s phone number, or 
2.A knows people C’s phone number and C can keep in touch with B. 
It’s assured that if people A knows people B’s number, B will also know A’s number.

Sometimes, someone may meet something bad which makes him lose touch with all the others. For example, he may lose his phone number book and change his phone number at the same time.

In this problem, you will know the relations between every two among N people. To make it easy, we number these N people by 1,2,…,N. Given two special people with the number S and T, when some people meet bad things, S may lose touch with T. Your job is to compute the minimal number of people that can make this situation happen. It is supposed that bad thing will never happen on S or T.

Input

The first line of the input contains three integers N (2<=N<=200), S and T ( 1 <= S, T <= N , and S is not equal to T).Each of the following N lines contains N integers. If i knows j’s number, then the j-th number in the (i+1)-th line will be 1, otherwise the number will be 0.

You can assume that the number of 1s will not exceed 5000 in the input.

Output

If there is no way to make A lose touch with B, print “NO ANSWER!” in a single line. Otherwise, the first line contains a single number t, which is the minimal number you have got, and if t is not zero, the second line is needed, which contains t integers in ascending order that indicate the number of people who meet bad things. The integers are separated by a single space.

If there is more than one solution, we give every solution a score, and output the solution with the minimal score. We can compute the score of a solution in the following way: assume a solution is A1, A2, …, At (1 <= A1 < A2 <…< At <=N ), the score will be (A1-1)*N^t+(A2-1)*N^(t-1)+…+(At-1)*N. The input will assure that there won’t be two solutions with the minimal score.

Sample Input

3 1 3
1 1 0
1 1 1
0 1 1

Sample Output

1
2

POJ 1815 – Friendship – [拆点最大流求最小点割集][暴力枚举求升序割点] – [Dinic算法模板 – 邻接矩阵型]

总的来说,就是求最小点割集,做法参考:

  http://www.cnblogs.com/lochan/p/3870697.html

  http://wugj03.blog.163.com/blog/static/1737650582011219115316710/

POJ 1815 – Friendship – [拆点最大流求最小点割集][暴力枚举求升序割点] – [Dinic算法模板 – 邻接矩阵型]

 #include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<queue>
#define in(x) x
#define out(x) x+n
#define MAX 500
#define INF 0x3f3f3f3f
using namespace std;
struct Dinic{
int s,t,nv;//源点、汇点、点总数
int c[MAX][MAX],f[MAX][MAX],lev[MAX];
bool vis[MAX];
void addedge(int from,int to,int cap)
{
c[from][to]=cap, f[from][to]=;
c[to][from]=, f[to][from]=;
}
bool bfs()
{
memset(vis,,sizeof(vis));
queue<int> q;
q.push(s);
vis[s]=;
lev[s]=;
while(!q.empty())
{
int u=q.front();q.pop();
for(int v=;v<=nv;v++)
{
if(!vis[v] && c[u][v]>f[u][v])//属于残存网络的边
{
lev[v]=lev[u]+;
q.push(v);
vis[v]=;
}
} }
return vis[t];
}
int dfs(int u,int aug)
{
if(u==t) return aug;
int res=aug,tmp;
for(int v=;v<=nv;v++)
{
if(lev[v]==lev[u]+ && c[u][v]>f[u][v])
{
tmp=dfs(v,min(aug,c[u][v]-f[u][v]));
f[u][v]+=tmp;
f[v][u]-=tmp;
aug-=tmp;
}
}
return res-aug;
}
int maxflow()
{
int res=;
while(bfs()) res+=dfs(s,INF);
return res;
}
}dinic; int n,S,T;
int main(){
int a;
scanf("%d%d%d",&n,&S,&T);
dinic.nv=n*, dinic.s=out(S), dinic.t=in(T);
for(int i=;i<=n;++i)
{
if(i!=dinic.s && i!=dinic.t) dinic.addedge(in(i),out(i),);
for(int j=,tmp;j<=n;j++)
{
scanf("%d",&tmp);
if(i!=j && tmp) dinic.addedge(out(i),in(j),INF);
}
}
if(dinic.c[dinic.s][dinic.t]){
puts("NO ANSWER!\n");
return ;
}
int ans=dinic.maxflow();
printf("%d\n",ans); for(int i=;i<=n && ans;i++)
{
if(i==dinic.s|| i==dinic.t || !dinic.f[in(i)][out(i)]) continue;
memset(dinic.f,,sizeof(dinic.f));
dinic.c[in(i)][out(i)]=;
if(dinic.maxflow()<ans)
{
ans--;
printf("%d ",i);
}
else dinic.c[in(i)][out(i)]=;
}
printf("\n");
return ;
}

PS.为了方便后续使用该模板,把它也封装在一个struct里了,1~63行为模板。

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