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技术 2022年11月23日
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1、环境介绍及准备:

1.1 物理机操作系统

  物理机操作系统采用Centos7.3 64位,细节如下。

[root@localhost ~]# uname -aLinux localhost.localdomain 3.10.-514.6..el7.x86_64 # SMP Wed Jan  :: UTC  x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-releaseCentOS Linux release 7.3. (Core)

1.2 主机信息

  本文准备了三台机器用于部署k8s的运行环境,细节如下:

节点及功能

主机名

IP

Master、etcd、registry

K8s-master

192.168.90.80

Node1

K8s-node-1

192.168.90.81

Node2

K8s-node-2

192.168.90.82

设置三台机器的主机名:

Master上执行:

[root@localhost ~]#  hostnamectl --static set-hostname  k8s-master

  

Node1上执行:

[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl --static set-hostname  k8s-node-

Node2上执行:

[root@localhost ~]# hostnamectl --static set-hostname  k8s-node-

  

在三台机器上设置hosts,均执行如下命令:

echo '10.0.251.148    k8s-master10.0.251.148   etcd10.0.251.148   registry10.0.251.153   k8s-node-10.0.251.155    k8s-node-' >> /etc/hosts

1.3 关闭三台机器上的防火墙

systemctl disable firewalldsystemctl stop firewalld

2、部署etcd

k8s运行依赖etcd,需要先部署etcd,本文采用yum方式安装:

[root@localhost ~]# yum install etcd -y

yum安装的etcd默认配置文件在/etc/etcd/etcd.conf。编辑配置文件,更改以下带颜色部分信息:

[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/etcd/etcd.conf# [member]ETCD_NAME=masterETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"#ETCD_WAL_DIR=""#ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNT=""#ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL=""#ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT=""#ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2380"ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2379"#ETCD_MAX_SNAPSHOTS=""#ETCD_MAX_WALS=""#ETCD_CORS=""##[cluster]#ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="http://localhost:2380"# if you use different ETCD_NAME (e.g. test), set ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER value for this name, i.e. "test=http://..."#ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="default=http://localhost:2380"#ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"#ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="etcd-cluster"ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="http://etcd:2379"#ETCD_DISCOVERY=""#ETCD_DISCOVERY_SRV=""#ETCD_DISCOVERY_FALLBACK="proxy"#ETCD_DISCOVERY_PROXY=""

启动并验证状态

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl enable etcd[root@localhost ~]# systemctl start etcd[root@localhost ~]# etcdctl set testdir/testkey0 [root@localhost ~]# etcdctl get testdir/testkey0[root@localhost ~]# etcdctl -C http://etcd:2379 cluster-healthmember 8e9e05c52164694d is healthy: got healthy result from http://0.0.0.0:2379cluster is healthy

扩展:Etcd集群部署参见——http://www.cnblogs.com/zhenyuyaodidiao/p/6237019.html

3、部署master

3.1 安装Docker

[root@k8s-master ~]# yum install docker -y

配置Docker配置文件,使其允许从registry中拉取镜像。

[root@k8s-master ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/docker# /etc/sysconfig/docker# Modify these options if you want to change the way the docker daemon runsOPTIONS='--selinux-enabled --log-driver=journald --signature-verification=false'if [ -z "${DOCKER_CERT_PATH}" ]; then    DOCKER_CERT_PATH=/etc/dockerfiOPTIONS='--insecure-registry registry:5000'

设置开机自启动并开启服务

[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl enable docker[root@k8s-master ~]# service docker start

查看docker版本

[root@k8s-master ~]# docker --versionDocker version 1.13., build /1.13.

3.2 安装kubernets

[root@k8s-master ~]# yum install kubernetes

3.3 配置并启动kubernetes

在kubernetes master上需要运行以下组件:

    Kubernets API Server

    Kubernets Controller Manager

    Kubernets Scheduler

相应的要更改以下几个配置中带颜色部分信息:

3.3.1  /etc/kubernetes/apiserver

[root@k8s-master ~]# vim /etc/kubernetes/apiserver#### kubernetes system config## The following values are used to configure the kube-apiserver## The address on the local server to listen to.KUBE_API_ADDRESS="--insecure-bind-address=0.0.0.0"# The port on the local server to listen on.KUBE_API_PORT="--port=8080"# Port minions listen on# KUBELET_PORT="--kubelet-port=10250"# Comma separated list of nodes in the etcd clusterKUBE_ETCD_SERVERS="--etcd-servers=http://etcd:2379"# Address range to use for servicesKUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES="--service-cluster-ip-range=10.254.0.0/16"# default admission control policies#KUBE_ADMISSION_CONTROL="--admission-control=NamespaceLifecycle,NamespaceExists,LimitRanger,SecurityContextDeny,ServiceAccount,ResourceQuota"KUBE_ADMISSION_CONTROL="--admission-control=NamespaceLifecycle,NamespaceExists,LimitRanger,SecurityContextDeny,ResourceQuota"# Add your own!KUBE_API_ARGS=""

3.3.2  /etc/kubernetes/config

[root@k8s-master ~]# vim /etc/kubernetes/config#### kubernetes system config## The following values are used to configure various aspects of all# kubernetes services, including##   kube-apiserver.service#   kube-controller-manager.service#   kube-scheduler.service#   kubelet.service#   kube-proxy.service# logging to stderr means we get it in the systemd journalKUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"# journal message level,  is debugKUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=0"# Should this cluster be allowed to run privileged docker containersKUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"# How the controller-manager, scheduler, and proxy find the apiserverKUBE_MASTER="--master=http://k8s-master:8080"

启动服务并设置开机自启动

[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl enable kube-apiserver[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl start kube-apiserver[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl enable kube-controller-manager[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl start kube-controller-manager[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl enable kube-scheduler[root@k8s-master ~]# systemctl start kube-scheduler

4、部署node(node1、node2)

————————以node1为例 ————————–

4.1 安装docker

[root@k8s-node- ~]# yum install docker -y

配置Docker配置文件,使其允许从registry中拉取镜像。

[root@k8s-node- ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/docker# /etc/sysconfig/docker# Modify these options if you want to change the way the docker daemon runsOPTIONS='--selinux-enabled --log-driver=journald --signature-verification=false'if [ -z "${DOCKER_CERT_PATH}" ]; then    DOCKER_CERT_PATH=/etc/dockerfiOPTIONS='--insecure-registry registry:5000'

设置开机自启动并开启服务

[root@k8s-node- ~]# systemctl enable docker[root@k8s-node- ~]# service docker start

查看docker版本

[root@k8s-node- ~]# docker --versionDocker version 1.13., build /1.13.

4.2 安装kubernets

[root@k8s-node- ~]# yum install kubernetes

4.3 配置并启动kubernetes

  在kubernetes node上需要运行以下组件:

    Kubelet

    Kubernets Proxy

相应的要更改以下几个配置文中带颜色部分信息:

4.3.1 /etc/kubernetes/config

[root@K8s-node- ~]# vim /etc/kubernetes/config#### kubernetes system config## The following values are used to configure various aspects of all# kubernetes services, including##   kube-apiserver.service#   kube-controller-manager.service#   kube-scheduler.service#   kubelet.service#   kube-proxy.service# logging to stderr means we get it in the systemd journalKUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"# journal message level,  is debugKUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=0"# Should this cluster be allowed to run privileged docker containersKUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"# How the controller-manager, scheduler, and proxy find the apiserverKUBE_MASTER="--master=http://k8s-master:8080"

4.3.2 /etc/kubernetes/kubelet

[root@K8s-node- ~]# vim /etc/kubernetes/kubelet#### kubernetes kubelet (minion) config# The address for the info server to serve on (set to 0.0.0.0 or "" for all interfaces)KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"# The port for the info server to serve on# KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"# You may leave this blank to use the actual hostnameKUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=k8s-node-1"# location of the api-serverKUBELET_API_SERVER="--api-servers=http://k8s-master:8080"# pod infrastructure containerKUBELET_POD_INFRA_CONTAINER="--pod-infra-container-image=registry.access.redhat.com/rhel7/pod-infrastructure:latest"# Add your own!KUBELET_ARGS=""

启动服务并设置开机自启动

[root@K8s-node- ~]systemctl enable kubelet[root@K8s-node- ~]systemctl start kubelet[root@K8s-node- ~]systemctl enable kube-proxy[root@K8s-node- ~]systemctl start kube-proxy

4.4 查看状态

在master上查看集群中节点及节点状态

[root@k8s-master ~]#  kubectl -s http://k8s-master:8080 get nodeNAME         STATUS    AGEk8s-node-   Ready     3mk8s-node-   Ready     16s[root@k8s-master ~]# kubectl get nodesNAME         STATUS    AGEk8s-node-   Ready     3mk8s-node-   Ready     43s

至此,已经搭建了一个kubernetes集群,但目前该集群还不能很好的工作,请继续后续的步骤。

5、创建覆盖网络——Flannel

5.1 安装Flannel

  在master、node上均执行如下命令,进行安装

yum install flannel

5.2 配置Flannel

  master、node上均编辑/etc/sysconfig/flanneld,修改红色部分

vim /etc/sysconfig/flanneld# Flanneld configuration options# etcd url location.  Point this to the server where etcd runsFLANNEL_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://etcd:2379"# etcd config key.  This is the configuration key that flannel queries# For address range assignmentFLANNEL_ETCD_PREFIX="/atomic.io/network"# Any additional options that you want to pass#FLANNEL_OPTIONS=""

5.3 配置etcd中关于flannel的key

  Flannel使用Etcd进行配置,来保证多个Flannel实例之间的配置一致性,所以需要在etcd上进行如下配置:(‘/atomic.io/network/config’这个key与上文/etc/sysconfig/flannel中的配置项FLANNEL_ETCD_PREFIX是相对应的,错误的话启动就会出错)

[root@k8s-master ~]# etcdctl mk /atomic.io/network/config '{ "Network": "10.0.0.0/16" }'{ "Network": "10.0.0.0/16" }

5.4 启动

  启动Flannel之后,需要依次重启docker、kubernete。

在master执行:

systemctl enable flanneldsystemctl start flanneldsystemctl restart dockersystemctl restart kube-apiserversystemctl restart kube-controller-managersystemctl restart kube-scheduler

  

在node上执行:

systemctl enable flanneldsystemctl start flanneldsystemctl restart dockersystemctl restart kubeletsystemctl restart kube-proxy

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhenyuyaodidiao/p/6500830.html

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