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技术 2022年11月23日
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package com.cun;
import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.*;
import org.apache.shiro.config.IniSecurityManagerFactory;
import org.apache.shiro.mgt.SecurityManager;
import org.apache.shiro.session.Session;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.apache.shiro.util.Factory;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;public class Quickstart { private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(Quickstart.class); public static void main(String[] args) { //创建配置的Shiro SecurityManager的最简单方法
//领域,用户,角色和权限是使用简单的INI配置。
//我们将通过使用可以提取.ini文件的工厂来实现这一点
//返回一个SecurityManager实例 //使用类路径根目录下的shiro.ini文件
//(文件:和url:前缀分别从文件和网址加载):
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
Factory<SecurityManager> factory = new IniSecurityManagerFactory("classpath:shiro.ini");
SecurityManager securityManager = factory.getInstance(); //对于这个简单的示例快速入门,请创建SecurityManager可作为JVM单例访问。 大多数应用程序不会这样做
//而是依赖于他们的容器配置或web.xml webapps。
SecurityUtils.setSecurityManager(securityManager); //现在设置了一个简单的Shiro环境,让我们看看你能做些什么: //获取当前执行的用户:
Subject currentUser = SecurityUtils.getSubject(); //用Session做一些事情(不需要web或EJB容器!!!)
Session session = currentUser.getSession();
session.setAttribute("sessionKey", "aValue");
String value = (String) session.getAttribute("sessionKey");
if (value!=null&&value.equals("aValue")) {
log.info("检索正确的值: [" + value + "]");
}else{
log.info("检索错误的值: [" + value + "]");
} //让我们登录当前用户,以便我们检查角色和权限:
if (!currentUser.isAuthenticated()) {
UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken("admin", "123456");
token.setRememberMe(true);
try {
currentUser.login(token);
} catch (UnknownAccountException uae) {
log.info("捕获未知用户名异常:" + token.getPrincipal());
} catch (IncorrectCredentialsException ice) {
log.info("捕获密码错误异常: " + token.getPrincipal());
} catch (LockedAccountException lae) {
log.info("账号锁住: " + token.getPrincipal());
}catch (ExcessiveAttemptsException eae) {
log.info("账号错误登录过多异常:: " + token.getPrincipal());
} // ...在这里捕获更多例外(也许是特定于您的应用程序的自定义?
catch (AuthenticationException ae) {
//unexpected condition? error?
}
} //判断是否登录成功:
if(currentUser.getPrincipal()!=null)
log.info("用户: [" + currentUser.getPrincipal() + "] 登录成功.");
else
log.warn("登录失败!");
//测试角色:
if (currentUser.hasRole("schwartz")) {
log.info("你有Schwartz角色!");
} else {
log.info("sorry,你只是普通用户没有Schwartz角色");
} //测试有没该领域的权限
if (currentUser.isPermitted("lightsaber:wield")) {
log.info("你被许可:lightsaber:wield。明智地使用它.");
} else {
log.info("Sorry, lightsaber:wield访问域仅仅属于 schwartz角色.");
} // (非常强大)实例级别权限:
if (currentUser.isPermitted("winnebago:drive:eagle5")) {
log.info("你被允许(id) 'eagle5'的'drive' winnebago " +
"这是钥匙 - 玩得开心!");
} else {
log.info("Sorry,你不被允许'eagle5'winnebago!");
} //退出
currentUser.logout(); System.exit(0);
}
}
shiro.ini[users]
root = 123, admin
guest = 123456, guest
presidentskroob = 123456, president
darkhelmet = 123456, darklord, schwartz
lonestarr = 123456, goodguy, schwartz[roles]
admin = *
schwartz = lightsaber:*
goodguy = winnebago:drive:eagle5

log4j

  1. log4j
    log4j.rootLogger=INFO, stdout log4j.appender.stdout = org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
    log4j.appender.stdout.Target = System.out
    log4j.appender.stdout.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
    log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern = %d{ABSOLUTE} %5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n# General Apache libraries
    log4j.logger.org.apache=WARN# Spring
    log4j.logger.org.springframework=WARN# Default Shiro logging
    log4j.logger.org.apache.shiro=TRACE# Disable verbose logging
    log4j.logger.org.apache.shiro.util.ThreadContext=WARN
    log4j.logger.org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCache=WARN

相对通用的maven

  <parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>1.5.11.RELEASE</version>
<relativePath />
</parent> <properties>
<project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
<project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
<java.version>1.8</java.version>
</properties> <dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency> <dependency>
<groupId>mysql</groupId>
<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
<scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-tomcat</artifactId>
<scope>provided</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency> <!-- SpringBoot中使用 Shiro 做用户、角色、权限管理 -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
<artifactId>shiro-core</artifactId>
<version>1.4.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
<artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId>
<version>1.4.0</version>
</dependency> <!-- swagger生成接口API -->
<dependency>
<groupId>io.springfox</groupId>
<artifactId>springfox-swagger2</artifactId>
<version>2.7.0</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 接口API生成html文档 -->
<dependency>
<groupId>io.springfox</groupId>
<artifactId>springfox-swagger-ui</artifactId>
<version>2.6.1</version>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
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